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By James
S. Li
1st Millennium: 1-1000 2nd Millennium: 1001-2000 3rd Millennium: 2001-3000
The time is getting close, and the Y2K
Millennium bug can be dangerous when the date 12-31-99 turns to 0 1
-0 1 -00, causing the world to be plunged into total darkness at night,
and chaos throughout the world. The world is spending over $5,000,000,000
to fix this before time runs out. "There is even controversy about when
the next millennium starts. The calendar went from I BC to I AD, and
there was no year 0. Therefore, the actual millennium officially begins
on January I st, 200 1" (National Geographic) Times Square 2000 is an event that will take
place on December 31st, 19" at 7am NYC Time, when the year 2000 arrives
in the South Pacific. For the next 24 hours until January Ist, 2000
7am NYC Time, live Calendars
have been invented by people to keep track with time. But many attempts
in the past have been made to keep the calendar as accurate as possible.
Without the calendar, there would be no events, holidays, anniversaries,
etc. of any kind. Our present day calendar took several steps to be
created, and to this date is still not yet entirely accurate. Therefore
more changes still have to be made in future millenniums to keep it
more accurate.televisions screens will broadcast images from
each of the 24 time zones' people and cultures as the year 2000
travels around tile globe. The celebration will continue until all
24 time zones observe the start of January 1st 2000.
The Julian Calendar A tropical yea is the actual time it
takes the Earth to circle the sun with respect to the seasons, and the
equinoxes. It actually lasts 365 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes and 46 seconds
= 365.242199074074 days. If this value were exactly 365 days and 6 hours=365.25
days, a leap year every 4 years would make our calendar come out even
and perfect. But due to the actual time, we could NOT have a leap year
every 4 years, and therefore, we would have to drop out some leap years
in each millennium to make the calendar more accurate. and 6 hours = 365.25 days, with respect
to the stars we see at night. Therefore, a tropical year runs I I minutes
and 14 seconds z 0.00780092593 days FASTER than a sideral 1(3*365)+(1*366)1/4 = 365.250000000,
which is a good approximation to the length of a tropical year, but
is not exactly accurate. Because a tropical year runs 11 minutes and
14 seconds = 0.00780092593 days FASTER than the Julian Calendar (365.25
days),
The Gregorian Calendar Pope Gregory VIII formed
a committee to rectify this error. He then introduced the Gregorian
Calendar 365.242500000, which is an excellent approximation to the length of a tropical year, but is still not exactly accurate. In addition, to move the Vernal Equinox back to March 21st where it belongs, Pope Gregory Vill cut 10 days off the Julian Calendar. People went to sleep on the night of October 4th, 1582 and woke up to find it was October 15th, 1582, which was I I days later. Therefore the days between October 4th, 1582 and October l5th, 1582 disappeared. Great Britain and it's colonies didn't adopt these changes until the year 1752. In that year, I I days were dropped out from the month of September. The day after September 2nd, 1752 became September 14th, 1752. The Gregorian Calendar to this day
is still not yet entirely accurate. It runs 26
The Modified Gregorian Calendar The Modified Gregorian Calendar will correct this error, by compensating for a difference of I day every 4000 by declaring that years which are multiples of 4000 WOULD NO LONGER BE leap years. (Examples of years divisible by 4000: 4000, 8000, 12000, 16000, etc.) Under this rule, in a period of 4000 years (4 millenniums), there would only be 969 leap years instead of 970 leap years. This gives the average year: 1(3031*365)+(969*369)/4000 = 365.242250000, which serves as another excellent approximation to the length of a tropical year. This will keep the calendar accurate to I day in 20000 years, because now a tropical year runs 4.4 seconds= 0.00005092593 days FASTER than the Modified Gregorian Calendar, leaving a margin of error of I day in approximately 19636.3620655 years.
2nd Change to Modified Gregorian n Calendar Another change can be made at years evenly divisible by 1,000,000, by making them common years with 365 days, EXCEPT those years that are divisible by 10,000,000, but not 20,000,000 which will be leap years. (Examples of leap years divisible by 1,000,000 & 10,000,000: 10,000,000; 30,000,000; etc.) In a period of 10,000,000 years, there would only be 2,421,991 leap years instead of 2,422,000 leap years, if these changes are made every 1,000.000 years. This change will make the average year as follows: 1(7,578,009*365)+(2,421,991*366)1/10,000,000 = 365.242199100, which is a super approximation to the length of a tropical year, which is still not entirely accurate. Because now, a tropical year runs approximately 0.002240352 seconds = 0.00000002593 days FASTER than 365.2421991 days, leaving a margin of error of I day in about 38,565,368.2993 years when changes are made every 3200 years and 1,000,000 years.
years which
(Examples of leap years divisible by 20,000,000 &
40,000,000: 40,000,000; 80,000,000; 120,000,000; 160,000,000; 200.000,000;
etc.) In a period of 40,000,000 years, there would only be 9,687,963
leap years instead of 9,687,964 leap years, it' these changes are made
every 20,000,000 years. are multiples of 20,000,000, bv making them common years with 365
days, EXCEPT those years that are divisible by 40,000,000, which will
be leap years. The average year will then be: which serves as an almost perfect approximation
to the length of a tropical year. This will keep the calendar accurate
to I day in about 1,000.000,000 (I billion: American System) years,
because now a tropical year runs about 0.000080352 seconds~ 0.00000000093
days FASTER than 365.242199075 days, leaving a margin of error of I
day in 1(30,312,037*365)+(9,687,963*366)1/40,000,000
= 365.242199075, approximately 1,075,268,817.2 years. The calendar is now
as accurate as possible.
A special thanks to the following people who helped me with all the information. Without any of you, this work would not have been possible. David End, Peter Hung, Steve Kahan, Anita Podrid, Peggy Fallon, Paula Izumi, Harold Kirsh, Saul Weintraub
Revised on October 13, 1999AD By James
S. Li. |

@The Light
Millennium magazine was created and designedby Bircan Unver. January 2000, New York |