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Fall 2010, Issue#24
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-BROCHURE (inside)

MDGs#4:
Project director: Bircan ÜNVER,
Main Representative of The Light Millennium to the
Department of Public Information of the United Nations
.
Prepared by: Sirin CENGIZALP, Project Assistant, The Light Millennium.

GOAL 4: REDUCE CHILD MORTALITY:
"Progress on MDGs 4 and 5, which relate to reduction of
maternal and child mortality have been relatively slow."

&
“The child mortality level has decreased for 3 times.”

-For the full statements of the MDGs Debate on September 20, 2010.

Millennium Development Goals – Summit 2010
United Nations, New York City
20-22 September 2010

Below quotes are selected based on the given speeches by the member states of the United Nations on the “Reduce Child Mortality” within the context of the MDGs Summit-2010.

GUATEMALA
- H.E. Mr. Alvaro Colom Caballeros, President of the Republic of Guatemala, High-level Plenary Meeting of the Sixty-Fifth Session of the General Assembly on the Millennium Development Goals Statement. New York, September 20, 2010.

“For now, we are experiencing its most dramatic effects with an increase in cases of acute malnutrition in children, and a stagnant indicator of chronic under-nutrition.

Our Report also corroborates that in the next five years we must invest heavily in the indigenous population, and in particular in women and children.

We have strengthened the monitoring and active vigilance at the community level of cases of malnutrition in order to improve our capacity to detect them and achieve an early intervention.

We have also been able to expand the coverage of services for parental care, maternity services for women, the control of growth and medical attention for child diseases, in particular in the rural areas of the country.”


SWAZILAND
-His Majesty King Mswati III Head of State of the Kingdom of Swaziland to the 65th Session of the United Nations High-level Plenary Meeting on the Millennium Development Goals - Monday, 20th September 2010 New York

“Furthermore, primary school children are currently benefiting from feeding schemes whereby they are all provided with nutritious meal. Using our traditional structures, we have created neighborhood care points to enable the feeding of orphaned and vulnerable children throughout the country.

Like in many developing countries, the effects of poverty and disease have resulted in the increase in the number of orphaned and vulnerable children in Swaziland. After realizing the problem we established a fund to channel resources to cater for the situation.

Indeed over the years Government has continued to increase the budget allocation for orphaned and vulnerable children bursaries, in order to ensure their attendance in schools. Since independence Government has continued funding tertiary education for all students. These we do despite the fact that the country faces unprecedented fiscal pressure following the global economic and financial crisis.”


NIGERIA
- Statement On Behalf of: H.E. President Goodluck Ebele Jonathan, GCFR, President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, On the Nigeria and the Millennium Development Goals: Progress Towards 2015 By Professor C.O. Onyebuchi Chukwu, Honourable Minister of Health, At the High Level Plenary Meeting of the 65th Session of the United Nations General Assembly to review the Millennium Development Goals - New York, 20-22 September 2010

“The recent improvement in agricultural yields in also impacting on the proportion of underweight children, from 35.7% in 1990 to 23.1% in 2008.

I am to state that Nigeria is reasonably on course to achieve the target of MDGs on reducing child mortality with a fall from 100 per 1,000 to 75 per 1,000 live births between 2003 and 2008. Similarly, in the same period, the under5 mortality rate fell from 201 per 1,000 to 157 per 1,000 live births.

With the reduction of polio by 99% between resources and huge funding gaps; and in coping with external shocks such as financial and food crises and climate change.”

General Assembly
- Dr. Goodluck Ebele Jonathna, GCON, GCFR, President, Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of the Federal Republic of Nigeria at the General Debate of the 65th Regular Session of the United Nations General Assembly - New York 24 September 2010.

“Nigeria has its own fair share of challenges which we must overcome. For example, progress on MDGs 4 and 5, which relate to reduction of maternal and child mortality have been relatively slow. The weakness of the primary health care system and limited referral institutions remain crucial challenges in the health care sector."

REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA
-H.E. Mr. Victor Bodiu, Minister of State, at the High-level Plenary Meeting of the Sixty-Fifth Session of the General Assembly on the Millennium Development Goals - New York, 20 September 2010.

“The Government succeeded to halt the increase of extreme and absolute poverty and even reverse the trend, through the efficient introduction and expansion of the needs-based social aid programme, increase of the accessibility to mandatory health insurance for most vulnerable.

Our country has succeeded in reducing infant and maternal mortality, and is advancing in terms of penetration level of information technologies.”

ISRAEL
- H.E. Mr. Shimon Peres, President of the State of Israel, New York, 20 September 2010

“The National health-care system provides world-class treatment for every citizen.”


UZBEKISTAN
- H.E. Mr. Islam Karimov, President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, at the Plenary Session of the UN Millennium Development Goals Summit, New York, September 20, 2010

“The child mortality level has decreased for 3 times.”


JORDAN
- His Majesty King Abdullah II, High Level Plenary Meeting on the Millennium Development Goals, UN General Assembly
New York, 20 September 2010


“Each gain we make reinforces others: from better education and health care, to higher living standards; from empowered women and youth, to greater economic opportunity.”


REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA
- by H.E. Dr. Gjorge Ivanov, President of the Republic of Macedonia

“We are aware of the synergy of the different Millennium Development Goals. The acceleration of the progress in one are entails accelerated progress in other areas, too. Such synergy is evident in the Republic of Macedonia, where the promotion of maternal health, the health of mother and children results in low mortality in children. In addition to this is the commitment in the fight against HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and other serious diseases.”


NORWAY
- His Excellency Mr. Bens Stoltenberg, Prime Minister of Norway

“Millions of lives have been saved through vaccination and improved health services, clean water and better sanitation. We have taken on a special responsibility for the goals of reducing child mortality and improving maternal health. Norway has tripled its aid for global health services since we met here ten years ago.”


SAMOA

- by Honorable Tuila’epa Sailele Malielegaoi, Prime Minister of the Independent State of Samoa

“Additionally, we need to ensure that there is an expanded and comprehensive coverage and effective service delivery of preventive measure for children’s health through greater community participation.”

BANGLADESH
- Her Excellency Sheikh Hasina, Prime Minister Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh

“As for MDG-4, our excellent progress have been recognized this year by the MDG Award Committee, the UN Millennium Campaign, and the UN Office for Partnership with the prestigious UN Award for reducing child mortality.”

UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA
- by Hon. Mizengo P. Pinda, Prime Minister of the United Republic of Tanzania

“In the area of child mortality, we have made little progress. Between 1990 and 1999, there was an 11 percent reduction in under-five mortality rates from 165 per thousand live births. Achievements in child health are attributed to health sector reforms, increased coverage of effective interventions; immunization, Vitamin A supplementation, Integrated Management of Childhood illness, improved malaria control through Insecticide Treated Nets and access to effective anti-malarial treatment.”

REPUBLIC OF ANGOLA
- by H.E. Georges Rebelo Chikoti, Secretary of State for External Relations of the Republic of Angola

“Child survival has increased by 20%, and the percentage of children suffering from malaria has dropped to 23%.”

TUNISIA
- by His Excellency Mr. Kamel Morjane Tunisian Minister of Foreign Affairs

“Tunisia has managed a significant improvement in health and demographic indicators, including medical service coverage, life expectancy at birth and the extension of the social security.”


REPUBLIC OF AZERBAIJAN
- R.E. Mr, Elmar Mammadyarov Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Azerbaijan

“Azerbaijan is committed to reduce child and maternal mortality by half by 2015 and has taken consistent measures to this end. The State Programs on the Protection of Health of Mothers and Children, the National Strategy on Reproductive Health, the State Program on Social and Economic Development of the Regions for 2004-2008 were adopted and child mortality rate decreased to 3.1% in the last 5 years. Among all the MDGs, Goal S on improving maternal health, with its related targets on reducing the maternal mortality ration up to three quarters by 2015 and achieving the universal access to reproductive health, requires additional efforts. The full realization of this goal in practice demands due financial resources and technical assistance, which many developing countries could hardly afford. In this regard, we refer to the OHCHR report on preventable maternal mortality and morbidity, which acknowledges that donor countries have a responsibility to provide international cooperation and assistance to the developing and LDC to of maternal and infant mortality rate.”


* * * * *

MOZAMBIQUE - Accomplishments
by H.E. Mr. Oldermiro Baloi, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation of the Republic of Mozambique

“Today, in Mozambique, we have a network of Community Workers who galvanize the communities in adopting domestic practices for the prevention of diseases as well as for health protection, particularly that of children.

As a success in the community mobilization, we would like to mention the national movement that was created through the implementation of the children and women presidential healthcare initiative though which, after reflection and consultative meetings at the national level, various similar meetings were held at the provincial and local levels which contributed for a dramatic increase in the level of awareness of women and children’s health.”

As we believe that investing in women and children’s health, it is an unequivocal way of investing in social and economic development while, at the same time, meeting the remaining Millennium Development Goals (#4 & 5).

Women and children’s health indicators have shown some progress since the adoption of the MDGs, which is translated by the reduction of maternal and infant mortality rates.

Our government’s main focus is to ensure that women in Mozambique gives birth without the risk of facing death; that each born child is able to grow and meet his or her full development; that five years should no longer be an unattainable age limit.
Since the first years of our independence, women and children have had free access to healthcare. This free access has been having a great impact in the access of differentiated healthcare such as caesarian deliveries on the part of pregnant women, with a major impact in the reduction of maternal mortality.

Recognizing the limitation in the number of doctors that the country has, at a very early stage Mozambique took the initiative to train non-doctor middle-level technicians to offer differentiated surgery care, including caesarian for pregnant women with labor complications.”

* * * * *

OMAN
- by H.E. Sayyid Badr Bin Hamad Al-Busaidi, State Minister of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Sultanate of Oman and Head of the Omani Delegation
“Our infant and children under five mortality rates, per 1000 live births, have fallen by 29% since 1990.”


MEXICO
“In Mexico we are fully convinced that health is of outmost importance to every family. We also acknowledge how relevant it is that all Mexican get health services whenever they need them.

We are fighting child and maternal mortality, offering medical care and services from gestation to women in greater situation of vulnerability. Additionally, we prevent disease through the Universal Program of Child Vaccination, which reaches more than 98% of children, with 15 vaccines, including against Neumococus and Rotavirus.

The efforts to provide better attention to health also take advantage of the synergies with other social programs. For example, in 2005 almost two and a half million Mexican homes had dirt floors. In recent years, the Mexican Government has combated this flaw and has set the goal that by 2012 practically all houses in the country have a solid floor. Dirt floors create unhealthy conditions for families. It has a negative impact on respiratory and gastrointestinal diseases, particularly, for children, pregnant women and the elderly.”


JORDAN
- by His Majesty King Abdullah II, High Level Plenary Meeting on the Millennium Development Goals, UN General Assembly

“Each gain we make reinforces others: from better education and health care, to higher living standards; from empowered women and youth, to greater economic opportunity.”


QATAR
- by His Highness Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al-Thani, Emir of the State of Qatar, the High-Level of the United Nations General Assembly on the Millennium Development Goals

“In the area of health, Qatar is counted among the world’s most progressed countries in the reduction of child mortality and the improvement of maternal health in light of universal free health care for all. These developments in the areas of health and education were reflected in the ranking of the State of Qatar among countries with high human development according to United Nations reports issued in this regard.”


MALAWI
- by His Excellency Ngwazi Professor Bingu Wa Mutharika, President of the Republic of Malawi and Chairman of the African Union on 2010 Malawi MDGs Progress Report

“The goal of reducing child mortality will be attained and surpassed. The under-five mortality rate has been reduced from 189 deaths per 1,000 in 2000 to 122 deaths per 1,000 in 2009. This goal will be attained as the provision of health services continues to improve at the current rate.”

-For the full statements of the MDGs Debate on September 20, 2010.

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